Tribute: Philip Seymour Hoffman (July 23, 1967 – February 2, 2014)
Untimely loss of a revolutionary actor.
Philip Seymour Hoffman was an American actor, director, and producer. He was prolific in both film and theater from the early 1990s until his death in 2014 from a drug overdose at age 46. In 2005, Hoffman portrayed the author Truman Capote in Capote, for which he won multiple acting awards including the Academy Award for Best Actor. His three other Oscar nominations came for his supporting work playing a brutally frank CIA officer in Charlie Wilson’s War (2007), a priest accused of pedophilia in Doubt (2008), and the charismatic leader of a nascent Scientology-type movement in The Master (2012).
As we grieve for the loss of a man The New York Times declared “perhaps the most ambitious and widely admired American actor of his generation,” let’s explore the qualities of personality that made Philip the enigmatic man who strived to make us identify with the worst inside ourselves.
Great character actors like Hoffman subsume themselves in the personality, soul, even looks of the person they are playing, as he did in his Oscar-winning performance as Truman Capote in Capote, “almost seeming to shrink to the writer’s diminutive frame.” The ability to turn inward is the hallmark of the turtle (introverted type). [Review Personality Traits] Turtles are inwardly focused, enjoy solitude, must understand life to live it, value ideas and principles, tend to think before acting, and are guided by internal values.
Hoffman was a turtle, which helps explain why he was such an enigma to those who did not know him well. He rarely mentioned his personal life in interviews, stating once that he would “rather not because my family doesn’t have any choice. If I talk about them in the press, I’m giving them no choice. So I choose not to.”
Early in life Hoffman enjoyed playing outside and being with other people. The idea of sitting inside reading wasn’t very attractive to him. Then, in his sophomore year of high school, he took a class called “The Novel,” in which he was introduced to books like The Stranger and The Great Train Robbery. Reading novels opened up a new inner world for him—“reading and having an opinion, deciphering, identifying, and personalizing what you’ve read was pleasurable.”
As an actor, Hoffman enveloped the life of his characters. He became them, and he was particularly deft at portraying the dark side of human nature. His performance as a gambling addict in Owning Mahowny (2003) is referenced in the book Movies and Mental Illness: Using Films to Understand Psychopathology as one of the greatest performances of gambling addiction in movie history.
Hoffman was known for approaching a new role like a detective seeking to unlock the secret of the character. He searched inside and outside of himself to learn about the character. He particularly loved the “introspection and self-evaluation” of acting.
Psychics (intuitive types) are intuitive, imaginative, inventive and original, interested in possibilities and trusting in impressions. Can there be any doubt that Hoffman was a psychic? His childhood passion was sports, but at age 12 he had a significant intuitive experience when he saw a stage production of Arthur Miller’s All My Sons. He recalled in 2008, “I was changed—permanently changed—by that experience. It was like a miracle to me”.
Tony Greco, an acting teacher that first worked with Hoffman when the actor was 17 years old, says of Hoffman as a student, “he was really a mess, but an absolutely creative mess. He was willing to journey to very complicated places.” Hoffman will be remembered as one of the great actors of all time because he was determined to be original rather than conform to “movie character” stereotypes.
John le Carré said of Hoffman, “his intuition was luminous from the instant you met him. So was his intelligence. A lot of actors act intelligent, but Philip was the real thing: a shining, artistic polymath with an intelligence that came at you like a pair of headlights and enveloped you from the moment he grabbed your hand.”
Hoffman was a pointy head (thinking type), which is probably why we feel more comfortable using his surname. Indeed, we instinctively want to call him Professor Hoffman. Pointy heads are objective, logical, brief and businesslike, analytical, sometimes argumentative, and always efficient. Listening to Hoffman talk about one of his roles was like taking notes from a preeminent college professor that specialized in the role. He was articulate, logical and objective. He often talked about how hard he worked to make sense of the roles he played. They had to be coherent, logical and true to life. In an interview with The Associated Press at the 2013 Sundance Film Festival, Hoffman talked about his role in the movie A Most Wanted Man—“There’s a real diligence, and a real hard earned and hard won kind of thing about getting that story just working and strong and believable and logical and meaningful and human.”
Hoffman was an avid reader and thinker. In a 2004 interview with The Believer, he said, “Reading has definitely become … it’s almost like smoking. When you read, you think, and when you smoke, you think. It’s a pleasurable thing, and not a duty.”
Another indication that Hoffman was a pointy head is the pleasure he took in talking shop. He was widely regarded as friendly and accessible—to other actors, particularly young actors. Instructor Greco recalls, “More than once I’d hear from a student, “I ran into Phil on the street, I said, ‘I’m in your class,’ and he talked to me about acting for an hour.” We would guess that Hoffman was not much for small talk.
Hoffman was a tyrant (judging type). Tyrants are decisive, orderly and organized, opinionated, and sometimes inflexible. Hoffman was systematic and relentless in his “diligence” to master a new role and a harsh judge of himself and his work. He is quoted as saying, “I think everyone struggles with self-love,” “Good work is the only thing that would make me feel jealous or envious,” “I am my own worst critic,” and “Success isn’t what makes you happy. Success is doing what makes you happy and doing good work and hopefully having a fruitful life.”
Hoffman was systematic and organized in his extensive research for his roles. When preparing for his Oscar-winning performance of Truman Capote in Capote (2005), Hoffman studied hours of audio and video of the iconic writer. With each portrayal, Hoffman mastered Capote’s tone of voice, personality, body posture, mannerisms—he fully occupied Capote’s body and mind.
A psychic, pointy-headed tyrant turtle is a Revolutionary (INTJ). As the name implies, Revolutionaries refuse to conform to the expectations of society and are driven to change the world in some way. Revolutionaries have intellectual clarity. They accurately interpret their intuitive perceptions. They have visionary insight.
Hoffman’s struggles with addiction, which ultimately resulted in his tragic death, were well known. In a 2006 interview with CBS’ 60 Minutes, he was unabashed about his appetites. “It was everything I could get my hands on,” he recounted of his early alcohol and drug use. “I liked it all.” Hoffman entered rehab at the age of 22—suggesting that he was a substance abuser in his early teens. When graduating with a degree in fine arts from New York University, Hoffman was also graduating from rehab. Asked why he decided to stop, Hoffman told Steve Kroft on 60 Minutes, “I was 22 and I got panicked for my life, and I always think, God, I have so much empathy for these young actors. They’re 19 and all of the sudden they’re beautiful and famous and rich. I’m like, oh my God, I’d be dead.” Hoffman later maintained he had been sober the next 23 years. In 2012, during a wrap party for his film The Master, Hoffman accepted an alcoholic beverage to celebrate the completion of the film, resulting in a relapse. He began using prescription medications months later. He started using heroin in 2013, and admitted himself to drug rehabilitation for approximately 10 days in May of that year.
In an interview with Rolling Stone, Hoffman said, “I would definitely say pleasure is not happiness because I think I kill pleasure. Like a take too much of it and then therefore make it un-pleasurable, like too much coffee and your miserable. I do that to pleasure often. There is no pleasure that I have not made myself sick of.”
Hoffman’s reputation for tireless work, perseverance and relentless focus on perfection of his craft seems inconsistent with the two periods in his life when he was unable to control his pursuit of pleasure through substance abuse. We wondered whether his personality type might offer any clues into this seeming paradox and found this—when stressed Revolutionaries often take on an obsessive overindulgence in sensual pleasure. Hoffman faced family stress when his parents divorced at age 9 and during the period preceding his separation from his partner, costume designer Mimi O’Donnell, and their three children in December 2013. We will never know whether this explains Hoffman’s tendency to lose self-control with drugs and alcohol. But we hope his story helps parents and friends of other Revolutionaries spot the early warning signs of stress-induced over-indulgence and take the necessary steps to save a life.
To conclude on a happier note, the Revolutionary moniker reminds of us a role where Philip played a revolutionary on film—that of the American disc jockey “The Count” in Pirate Radio. The movie was a box office failure and Hoffman received no acclaim for his role, but who can forget his brilliant performance in the “F word scene”? We will miss you, Dr. Hoffman.
Our personality quiz and educational materials are based on Carl Jung’s theory of psychological types and the research of Isabel Myers (creator of the Myers-Briggs), David Keirsey, and Paul and Barbara Tieger, and others.
Disclaimer: 2bme has no affiliation with the Myers & Briggs Foundation or its affiliate, Consulting Psychologists Press, Inc., and we do not administer the MBTI® instrument or the Myers-Briggs® assessment.